Allen, Christopher D
Ashrafi, Kaveh
Atabai, Kamran
Black, Brian L
Blanc, Paul D
Botvinick, Elias H
Boushey, Homer A
Broaddus, V Courtney
Brown, James K
Bruneau, Benoit G
Calfee, Carolyn S.
Caughey, George H
Chang, Andy
Chapman, Harold A
Charo, Israel F
Chawla, Ajay
Chuang, Pao-Tien
Clyman, Ronald I
Conklin, Bruce R
Connolly, Andrew J
Conte, Michael S
Coughlin, Shaun R
Degrado, William F
Deo, Rahul C
Derynck, Rik M
Dobbs, Leland G
Engel, Joanne N
Erle, David J
Fahy, John Vincent
Fineman, Jeffrey R
Ganz, Peter
Gardner, David G
Gartner, Zev Jordan
Glantz, Stanton A
Gold, Warren M
Grabe, Michael D
Gropper, Michael
Grossman, William
Hart, Daniel O
Hata, Akiko
Hawgood, Samuel
Hoffman, Julien I
Huang, Guo
Ingraham, Holly A
Irannejad, Roshanak
Jan, Lily Y
Julius, David J
Jura, Natalia Z
Kan, Yuet W
Kane, John P
Karliner, Joel S
Kornberg, Thomas B
Koth, Laura L
Krauss, Ronald M
Kurtz, Theodore W
Kwok, Pui-Yan
Lazarus, Stephen C
Lee, Randall J
Lim, Wendell A
Ma, Dengke
Mahley, Robert W
Malloy, Mary J.
Mann, Michael J
Matthay, Michael A
Mcdonald, Donald M
Mikawa, Takashi
Minor, Daniel L
Mostov, Keith E
Oishi, Peter E
Olgin, Jeffrey E
Pearce, David
Peng, Tien
Raleigh, David R
Redberg, Rita F
Reiter, Jeremy F.
Rock, Jason R.
Rowitch, David H
Scheinman, Melvin M
Schiller, Nelson B
Seiple, Ian Bass
Sheppard, Dean
Shokat, Kevan M
Shu, Xiaokun
Shum, Anthony K
Simpson, Paul C
Springer, Matthew L
Srivastava, Deepak
Teitel, David F
Vedantham, Vasanth
Von Zastrow, Mark E
Wang, Rong
Wang, Biao
Wang, Lei
Weiner, Orion D
Weiss, Arthur
Weiss, Ethan J
Werb, Zena
Woodruff, Prescott G
Xu, Allison Wanting
Yeghiazarians, Yerem
Zovein, Ann C

CVRI Scientists

Julien I Hoffman, M.D., F.R.C.P.
Professor Emeritus

Research Interests:
Pathophysiology of myocardial ischemia

Summary:
My research investigates the way in which the complex muscular architecture of the human heart functions, and what role different components play in heart failure. Current hypotheses of ventricular architecture emphasize the interaction of spiral and circumferential muscle layers, but one major hypothesis that there is a single folded muscular band is much in dispute. We know that the adult pattern is already complete at 14 weeks gestation, but there is no information about how the primitive cardiac tube becomes this complex multilayered structure. My colleagues and I have shown that different components of this muscle band may be affected in diastolic heart failure, and are seeking further information about how components of the band arise and how each component may be affected by disease.

I have ongoing research into the epidemiology of congenital heart disease but no specific problems are being studied at the moment.

Most of my previous research involved the control of the regional coronary circulation, with particular reference to the mechanisms of subendocardial ischemia. Although I am not actively working in this field now, I am collaborating with some bioengineers who are studying these problems.

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